Cultural heritage is the historical artifacts/values that have survived from past generations and are preserved and transferred for the benefit of future generations, have universal values, and meet certain conditions (such as witnessing tradition, being the product of creative human genius, representing one or more periods of human history). Cultural heritage includes Tangible Culture, Intangible Culture and Natural Heritage. By its very meaning, cultural heritage reminds societies and their members of a common past, strengthens unity and solidarity and ensures the continuity of traditions and diversity.
Tangible Cultural Heritage: It is divided into two groups as portable and immovable heritage. Monuments, sculptures, archaeological artifacts, paintings, landscapes, inscriptions, etc.
Abstract Cultural Heritage: Folklore, traditions, language, oral history, etc.
Natural Heritage: Culturally significant landscapes and biodiversity.
How is cultural conservation done?
Some of the processes and disciplines involved in the conservation and protection of tangible culture are as follows:
- Archival science
- Restoration and conservation
- Artistic, archaeological and architectural conservation
- Preservation of folklore records
- Preservation and digitalization of the film
- Digital protection
Some of the processes carried out for the preservation of abstract culture are:
- Language preservation
- Oral history
Among the actions taken for natural heritage, the protection of biodiversity (plants, animals, endemic species, ancestral seeds, etc.) is particularly important.